California Poppy, the state flower

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Coverage

Coverage Rates By Weight:
1/2 oz. sows an area approximately 25 sq. ft., or an area 5' x 5'.
1 oz. sows an area approximately 50 sq. ft., or 10' x 5'.
1/4 lb. sows an area approximately 200 sq. ft., or 10' x 20'.
1/2 lb. sows an area approximately 400 sq.ft., or 20' x 20'.
1 lb. sows an area approximately 800 sq. ft., or 20' x 40'.
Recommended large-scale sowing rates are 12 to 15 pounds per acre.

Hand-collected seed that is available by packet only: one packet supplies enough seed for 20 to 30 plants.

These are approximations only. Applications will vary depending on species, slope, soil and weather conditions. In our experience, it is not necessary to thin wildflowers once they have germinated.

Seed that is not used when purchased will remain viable, with little change in germination rates, for up to three years, if it is kept in a cool, dry location.

Viability

Seed of annual wildflowers loses almost no viability for 3 years, so can be purchased in spring, when you have the opportunity to see the flowers, and held in a cool, dry place for fall planting.


California Native Annual Wildflowers
Seeds and Plants

Click here for planting instructions and coverage rates.

Beginner's Wildflower Sale!
$28.50 value for $24.50

To begin your wildflower education, we have chosen 1/2 ounce each of four of our customer favorites: Baby-Blue-Eyes (Nemophila menziesii), Tidy Tips (Layia platyglossa), Globe Gilia (Gilia capitata), and Farewell-to-Spring (Clarkia amoena). Beautiful and easy to grow, these four make a great beginning, with early spring to midsummer bloom! To insure success, we include our informative pamphlet Notes on Growing California Wildflowers. A great value of $28.50 for only $24.50.
SALE - $24.50
Quantity
good to eat
butterfly nectar
caterpillar
hand collected
hummingbird
pollinator

good to eat
Hand collected seed

Calandrinia ciliata
Red Maids

An early-blooming annual under 8" tall with petals of intense magenta. Likes full sun, lean soil. Edible seeds and leaves. Prostrate habit. Important indigenous seed food; seed frequently found in archaeological sites. Petals used for rouge. A welcome and endearing first sign of spring. Packets only.

Packet - $6.50
Quantity
Live 4" plant
$6.50
Not currently available
Calandrinia ciliata (Red Maids), An early-blooming annual under 8" tall with petals of intense magenta. Likes full sun, lean soil. Edible seeds and leaves. Prostrate habit. Packets only.

caterpillar

Castilleja exserta ssp. exserta
Purple Owl's Clover

Carpets of pink and purple in serpentine and other areas are created by the free-flowering habits of this low-growing annual. Larval food plant for Bay Checkerspot butterfly. Very fine seed, so we offer it by the small packet. A little goes a long way. Not to be included in swathe quarter pound.

Packet - $6.00
Quantity
Castilleja exserta ssp. exserta (Purple Owl's Clover) - Carpets of pink and purple in serpentine and other areas are created by the free-flowering habits of this low-growing annual. Larval food plant for Bay Checkerspot butterfly. Very fine seed, so we offer it by the small packet at $4.50. A little goes a long way.

Clarkia amoena
Farewell-to-Spring

Showy lavender to pink flower that brightens the golden hills of California when the spring flowers have gone to seed. Thrives in sun or part shade. A stunning color range from mauve to pink to white, often with blotches of a contrasting color. With irrigation can bloom for as long as 3-4 months. Highly satisfactory garden flower and long-lasting cut flower. Marin to Humboldt Co. Blooms June-Aug, sometimes into Oct. on coast.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Clarkia amoena (Farewell-to-Spring) - Showy lavender to pink flower that brightens the golden hills of California when the spring flowers have gone to seed. Thrives in sun or part shade. A stunning color range from mauve to pink to white, often with blotches of a contrasting color. With irrigation can bloom for as long as 3-4 months. Highly satisfactory garden flower and long-lasting cut flower. Marin to Humboldt Co. Blooms June-Aug, sometimes into Oct. on coast.

Clarkia amoena
Farewell-to-Spring "The Real"

The wild form of "Farewell to Spring," this annual makes the hillsides of northern California bright with its deep to pale pink-lavender satiny petals, each with a mid-petal darker pink "blotch." A mass of this 1-2 ft. tall flower can bloom for months as the blossoms at the base of the flower stalk go to seed and new ones open at the top of the flower stalk. It blooms usually from mid-summer to early fall. Not as showy (some would say "gaudy") as the above-listed horticultural form, it is preferred by purists. Can handle sun or part-shade. Gorgeous in containers. Limit of 5 packets per customer.

Packet - $6.00
(limit 5 packets)
Quantity
Live 4" plant
$6.50
Not currently available
Clarkia amoena (Farewell-to-Spring "The Real") - Showy lavender to pink flower that brightens the golden hills of California when the spring flowers have gone to seed. Thrives in sun or part shade. A stunning color range from mauve to pink to white, often with blotches of a contrasting color. With irrigation can bloom for as long as 3-4 months. Highly satisfactory garden flower and long-lasting cut flower. Marin to Humboldt Co. Blooms June-Aug, sometimes into Oct. on coast.

Hand collected seed

Clarkia bottae
Lilac clarkia, Monterey clarkia

This clarkia is a dancing, delicate thing growing 1' tall. It has pale lavender-pink flowers with a white center,and is utterly lovely in the flower border, in the meadow, and in containers. Both sun and part-shade. Not to be included in swathe quarter pound.

Packet - $6.00
Quantity
Clarkia bottae (Showy Farewell-to-Spring) - This clarkia is a dancing, delicate thing growing 1' tall. It has pale lavender-pink flowers with a white center,and is utterly lovely in the flower border, in the meadow, and in containers. Both sun and part-shade.

Clarkia concinna
Raiche's Red Ribbons

Deep pink deeply- lobed annual wildflower growing one foot tall, blooming mid-summer. Elegant container plant. We sowed the seed in flats, then transplanted to 4-inch pots, then into the garden, sun or part-shade. Though known from only one north coast locality, this exciting wildflower turned out to be a fairly good seed-producer, and we are thrilled to be able to offer seed, though quantities are limited. Status: Rare.

Packet - $6.50 Not currently available
Raiche's Red Ribbons

Clarkia purpurea ssp. purpurea
Purple Clarkia

This species deserves a more interesting common name, because it is quite lovely, distinctive, and easy to grow. Purple clarkia is a sturdy annual plant with large leaves and larger flowers of a remarkable loveliness. Quite variable in appearance, it usually has subtly shaded markings from white to pale lilac to darker red, sometimes with defined white markings on a light purple background with paler tips. We have experienced good reseeding with this species. It is notable for the toughness of its seed capsules, which makes seed-cleaning an interesting challenge.

It is related to the more frequently seen winecup clarkia, Clarkia purpurea, which is smaller and not as showy. Purple clarkia grows about a foot tall and spreads equally wide, with a particularly gardenworthy habit that is neat and full. It is useful in the front of the flower border. We always look forward to the appearance of this species, and are making an effort to increase our seed grow-outs.

Packet - $6.00
Quantity
Clarkia purpurea ssp. purpurea (Purple Clarkia)

Hand collected seed

Clarkia rubicunda
Ruby Chalice Clarkia

Long-blooming showy pink-lavender flowers with dark red blotch at base of petals. Flower stalks 12 to 18 inches tall. Still blooming in September on the coast. Found in many parts of California, Marin County is its northern limit. Packets only. List substitute in Shopping Cart.

Packet - $6.50
Quantity
Live 4" plant
$6.50
Not currently available
Clarkia rubicunda (Ruby Chalice Clarkia)

Clarkia unguiculata
Mountain Garland

A clarkia growing to 4', this annual is a showy addition to the back of the border. It makes an incredibly long-lasting cut flower, with its pink, red or purple flowers arching gracefully in a bouquet for almost a month. One of the wildflowers that can out-compete weedy grasses. the selected form of this annual....makes a showy addition, etc.
seedling photos

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Clarkia unguiculata (Mountain Garland) - A clarkia growing to 4', this annual is a showy addition to the back of the border. It makes an incredibly long-lasting cut flower, with its pink, red or purple flowers arching gracefully in a bouquet for almost a month. One of the wildflowers that can out-compete weedy grasses. Photo by Arvind Kumar.
photo by Arvind Kumar

Clarkia williamsonii
Fairyfan, Fort Miller Clarkia

This striking annual wildflower has ebullient, eye-catching markings and is easy to grow. The petals are stark white at the base, pale lavender halfway up, with a deep magenta splash of color at the top. The shades of pink or lavender may vary, as well as the size but not the intensity of the characteristic blotch. The sturdy stamen are white, and the plant, clearly meant to draw insects, will draw you as well. It stays under one foot tall and about that wide.

Hikers in Yosemite up to 6,000 feet may have seen it growing in meadows and in openings in woodlands, blooming from May to August. It has a wide range in California, and grows only in California, where it is usually easy to grow. The Fort Miller of its name was a military fort south of Yosemite.

If you collect clarkias, and love extending wildflower bloom into summer, this species is well worth adding to your collection.

Packet - $6.00
Quantity

good to eat
Hand collected seed

Claytonia perfoliata
Indian Lettuce (Miner's Lettuce)

This is an incredibly succulent, melt-in-your-mouth raw salad green. Recently it has gained popularity in the gourmet greens world, attracting both world class organic growers and chefs. Spring is its natural season, but this can be extended simply by planting it later and insuring it is kept moist throughout it's growth cycle. It is also an attractive short term (3 month) ground cover which can be helpful in controlling spring growth of invasive non-native grasses. It thrives in both sun and shade.

Packet - $6.00
Quantity
1/2 oz. - $30.00 Not currently available
Live 4" plant
$6.50
Not currently available
Claytonia perfoliata (Indian Lettuce, Miner's Lettuce) - Edible native annual found in moist places. Prefers some shade. High in Vitamin C and a delicious addition to sandwiches, salads, and cold soups. Can provide a salad green even on difficult soils such as serpentine.

Collinsia heterophylla
Chinese Houses

Lush white, rose, or purple blooms tiered on 2' stalks enhance sunny woodland gardens. Good re-seeding bulb cover with long bloom period. Can be sown in fall and again in early spring for fall bloom.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Live 4" plant
$6.50
Not currently available
Click here to view bulk quantity prices
Collinsia heterophylla (Chinese Houses) - Lush white, rose, or purple blooms tiered on 2' stalks enhance sunny woodland gardens. Good re-seeding bulb cover with long bloom period. Can be sown in fall and again in early spring for fall bloom.

Coreopsis bigelovii
Bigelow’s Coreopsis

4-12” tall showy yellow desert flower growing in the Mojave and other arid inland parts of northern California to the Santa Monica Mtns. Likes dry gravelly slopes and valleys. Stunning in masses. Also called “Bigelow's tickseed” because of the shape of the seed.

Packet - $6.00
Quantity

Coreopsis bigelovii (Bigelow's coreopsis, Bigelow's tickseed)

CALIFORNIA POPPIES

"No poet has yet sung the full beauty of our poppy, no painter has successfully portrayed the satiny sheen of its lustrous petals, no scientist has satisfactorily diagnosed the vagaries of its variations and adaptability. In its abundance, this colorful plant should not be slighted: cherish it and be ever thankful that so rare a flower is common."
-John Thomas Howell
A Marin Flora

Pollen source for pollinators

Eschscholzia californica
California poppy

In the spring the hills of California shine with the clear satiny gold blooms of the state flower. Easy to grow, California poppy is stunning with its traditional companions, the blue lupines. Blooms through the summer if spent blossoms are removed. Though considered an annual, some plants prove to be perennial. Thriving in many parts of the country, California poppy makes an excellent gift.

Read Judith's blog article about poppies.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Eschscholzia californica (California Poppy) - In the spring the hills of California shine with the clear satiny gold blooms of the state flower. Easy to grow, California Poppy is stunning with its traditional companions, the blue lupines. Blooms through the summer if spent blossoms are removed. Though considered an annual, some plants prove to be perennial. Thriving in many parts of the country, California Poppy makes an excellent gift.

Eschscholzia californica 'Mixed Colors'

Our state flower lends itself to color selections, and many customers have requested this lovely mix of white, pink, yellow, red, and gold poppies.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity

Mixed Colors California Poppies

Hand collected seed

Eschscholzia californica ssp. californica
Coastal form California poppy

The coastal form of the California poppy is a mounding, low-growing plant with striking gray-blue foliage and deep yellow blossoms. It is perennial and reseeds magnificently, is a joy in bouquets. One of the stars of our coastal border. Not to be included in swathe quarter pound.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Coastal Form California Poppy

Hand collected seed

Eschscholzia californica ssp. californica
Coastal form California poppy: "The Purist"

This is seed of the coastal form of the California poppy that is hand-collected from our own growing grounds and certain wild situations far from the madding crowd. These grow-outs are militantly patrolled for any sign of the creeping orange that means gene pool contamination. After much thought, this is our way of dealing with the confusing coastal poppy situation. Click here for more information and a brief history of the changing taxonomic status of our coastal poppy.

Packet - $6.50
Quantity
Coastal Form California Poppy -"the Purist"

Pollen source for pollinators

Eschscholzia caespitosa lobbii
Tufted poppy, foothill poppy

A smaller flower with pale yellow petals, this annual grows 10" tall and equally wide. More delicate than E. californica, it makes a good edging plant and does well in containers.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity

CALIFORNIA POPPY HORTICULTURAL VARIETIES

If you like to play with some of the gorgeous colors that horticulturists have created with the California poppy, check out these four possibilities. Please note that they might cross, so don’t plant them near any native populations of the California poppy. Some crosses can be incredibly pretty, though difficult to reproduce.

Like all poppies, they prefer sun and are adapted to bloom in early spring. Bloom time can be manipulated by sowing from fall to late winter to spring, and length of bloom can be increased by the addition of water and/or mulch.


Pollen source for pollinators

Eschscholzia californica 'Moonglow'
White form of the California poppy

A cream-colored selection we have made here at Larner Seeds. Sets off the vivid colors of other spring wildflowers beautifully. Plant through the spring and summer for bloom into the fall. Perennial at the coast.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
1 oz. - $9.00
Quantity
Eschscholzia californica (Moonglow California Poppy) - A cream-colored selection we have made here at Larner Seeds. Sets off the vivid colors of other spring wildflowers beautifully. Plant through the spring and summer for bloom into the fall. Perennial at the coast.

Eschscholzia californica 'Mahogany Red'
Red form of California poppy

Stunning deep-red color selection made in England. Scarlet buds are breathtaking before opening. Due to species variability, Eschscholzia Californica (Mahogany Red) seed may not produce entirely pure red poppies. Some darker orange poppies may propagate from this seed.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Eschscholzia californica (Mahogany Red California Poppy) - Stunning deep-red color selection made in England. Scarlet buds are breathtaking before opening.

Pollen source for pollinators

Eschscholzia californica 'Carmine King'
Deep pink California poppy

Rosy-colored petals.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
1 lb. - $80.00
Quantity
Eschscholzia californica (Carmine King) - Deep pink California poppy

Pollen source for pollinators

Eschscholzia californica 'Purple Gleam'
Purple form of the California poppy

Rich dark-lilac color.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
1 lb. - $80.00
Quantity
Eschscholzia californica (Purple Gleam) - Purple form of the California poppy


Pollen source for pollinators

Gilia capitata
Globe Gilia

Neat powder-blue flowerballs on 1 to 2 ft. stalks with finely-divided leaves. Thrives on dry banks in the chaparral. Long bloom period. Plant fall or mid-spring to bloom with summer Clarkias. Reliable self-sowing annual. Good cut flower.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Gilia capitata (Globe Gilia) - Neat powder-blue flowerballs on 1 to 2 ft. stalks with finely-divided leaves. Thrives on dry banks in the chaparral. Long bloom period. Plant fall or mid-spring to bloom with summer Clarkias. Reliable self-sowing annual. Good cut flower.

Gilia tricolor
Bird's Eye Gilia

Charming and dependable California wildflower growing 6" to 12" tall. It is one of the wildflowers that profits from close inspection, with its 1/2" light-blue or violet flowers set off by powder-blue stamen and a yellow throat with a dark purple ring at the top. Long flowering period and good foil to the summer-flowering Clarkias. Marvelous in bouquets. Self-sows, has musky fragrance.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Gilia tricolor (Bird's Eye Gilia) - Charming and dependable California wildflower growing 6" to 12" tall. It is one of the wildflowers that profits from close inspection, with its 1/2" light-blue or violet flowers set off by powder-blue stamen and a yellow throat with a dark purple ring at the top. Long flowering period and good foil to the summer-flowering Clarkias. Marvelous in bouquets. Self-sows, has musky fragrance.

good to eat
Pollen source for pollinators

Hemizonia congesta ssp. lutescens
Hayfield Tarweed (yellow)

Annual wildflower blooming late summer turns fields bright lemon yellow. Grows about 8” tall. Great insectary plant, with unique pungent fragrance. Full sun, grows well on clay. Edible seeds were important food source for indigenous peoples.

Packet - $6.50
Quantity
Live 4" plant
$6.50
Not currently available
Hayfield Tarweed (yellow)

good to eat

Hemizonia congesta ssp. luzulifolia
Hayfield Tarweed (white)

This lovely white annual has proved a great garden subject, greening up early and flowering long. Loves hot, dry situations, grows about 2' tall, can be pruned before flowering for bushier plants. Likes banks, grasslands, and full sun.

The tall yellow-blooming flower in the background is elegant madia (Madia elegans). The shorter white-blooming flower in the foreground is hayfield tarweed (Hemizonia congesta ssp. luzulifolia).

Packet - $6.50
Quantity
Hemizonia congesta sp. luzulifolia (Hayfield Tarweed)
photo by Ralph Schmidt

good to eat
butterfly nectar
Pollen source for pollinators

Lasthenia californica
California lasthenia

Widely distributed throughout California and the most common in its genus, California goldfields is a small daisylike yellow annual which, while dainty and unimpressive individually, is breathtaking in masses, such as in this picture. As you can see, it blooms with other spring blooming wildflowers like tidy tips and owl's clover. It has edible seeds and is adaptable to many kinds of soil. With reddish stems and narrow leaves, it blooms March-May.

1/2 oz. - $6.50
Quantity
1 oz. - $12.50
Quantity
Lasthenia californica

good to eat
butterfly nectar
Pollen source for pollinators

Lasthenia glabrata
Goldfields

Tiny bright-yellow annual flowers form golden pools that make excellent foil for the larger spring bloomers. We recommend the Trade Packet or Ounce size for effective mass plantings of this species. This plant is one of the primary nectar foodsources for the endangered Checkerspot butterfly. Though fragrance is imperceptible with individual flowers, in masses it becomes heavenly. Attracts goldfinches. Very fine seed.

1/2 oz. - $6.50
Quantity
Lasthenia glabrata (Goldfields) - Tiny bright-yellow annual flowers form golden pools that make excellent foil for the larger spring bloomers. We recommend the Trade Packet or Ounce size for effective mass plantings of this species. This plant is one of the primary nectar foodsources for the endangered Checkerspot butterfly. Though fragrance is imperceptible with individual flowers, in masses it becomes heavenly. Attracts goldfinches. Very fine seed.

good to eat
butterfly nectar
Pollen source for pollinators

Layia platyglossa
Tidy Tips

Daisy-like yellow flowers with white tips turn coastal bluffs and inland hills to butter from March to June. Likes full sun and lean soil. Adaptable and easy to grow, it will hug the ground on coastal bluffs and richer garden soil and grow to 2' tall. Excellent wildlife attracter. Nectar source for the Checkerspot butterfly. Important element of many wildflower fields. Seed used to make "seed-flour."

1/2 oz. - $6.50
Quantity
Layia platyglossa (Tidy Tips) - Daisy-like yellow flowers with white tips turn coastal bluffs and inland hills to butter from March to June. Likes full sun and lean soil. Adaptable and easy to grow, it will hug the ground on coastal bluffs and richer garden soil and grow to 2' tall. Excellent wildlife attracter. Nectar source for the Checkerspot butterfly.

Limnanthes alba
White Meadowfoam

We've been unable to supply this species for some years and are excited to have a source again. An early spring blooming annual from the central valley, northern California and Oregon that is beautiful, vigorous, adaptable, and economically valuable for its uniquely stable oil. Pure white blossoms with downy grey-green leaves are sought after by bees and other pollinators, while the oil made from the seed is used in the cosmetic trade. It is found near, but does not require, vernal ponds and seeps.

1/2 oz. - $6.50
Quantity
Live 4" plant
$6.50
Not currently available
Limnanthes alba (White Meadowfoam)


butterfly nectar
Hand collected seed
Pollen source for pollinators

Limnanthes douglasii
Douglas Meadowfoam

An annual wildflower found in moist places, such as vernal pools and seeps. Yellow petals with white tips make a showy mass in the moist wildflower meadow. Attracts hoverflies, the larvae of one hoverfly eating 600 aphids. A favored nectar source for bees, butterflies, insects. Easy to grow and strong reseeder. Beautiful in containers.

Packet - $6.00
Quantity
1/2 oz. - $10.00
Quantity
Live 4" plant
$6.50
Not currently available
Limnanthes douglasii (Meadowfoam) - An annual wildflower found in moist places, such as vernal pools and seeps. Yellow petals with white tips make a showy mass in the moist wildflower meadow. Attracts hoverflies, the larvae of one hoverfly eating 600 aphids. A favored nectar source for bees, butterflies, insects. Easy to grow and strong reseeder. Beautiful in containers.

Hand collected seed
Pollen source for pollinators

Limnanthes douglasii var. nivea
White Seafoam

A pretty addition to our selection of meadowfoam, which we offer in yellow and white, all yellow, and now, all white. Grows near vernal ponds and seasonal wetlands but very garden-adaptable. Part-shade or full sun. Packets only.

Packet - $6.00 Not currently available
Limnanthes douglasii var. nivea
photo by Steve Tyron
www.floralore.com

Limnanthes douglasii ssp. sulphurea
Point Reyes Meadowfoam

An annual blooming in early spring, the bright yellow flowers of this native wildflower are a lovely sight from March to May. The sturdy plants grow no higher than a foot and solidly cover the ground in moist areas with the rich golden sunshine of their large blooms. The attractive compound leaves are a fresh green. Although it is federally listed as threatened, like Douglas meadowfoam, it is one of the easiest to grow of wildflowers. It favors marshy, full sun areas, vernal pools, and other freshwater wetlands, but does fine in dryer gardens. We like to grow it in containers, where it reseeds year after year.

The seed of this wildflower is grown out for us in Pt. Reyes to avoid crossing with other meadowfoam relatives. Don't grow it with Douglas meadowfoam, Limnanthes douglasii, as they will cross. It occurs only in San Mateo and Marin Counties.

Packet - $6.50
Quantity
Live 4" plant
$6.50
Not currently available
Limnanthes douglasii ssp. sulphurea (Pt Reyes Meadowfoam)

Linanthus grandiflorus
Mountain Phlox, Grand Linanthus

One of the most fragrant annual Western wildflower. Lilac, pink, and white clusters of long-blooming, low-growing flowers that also thrive in higher elevations. Can be sown around low-growing perennials for midsummer bloom in the dry border. Thrives in sun or shade. Long bloom period, May-August.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Linanthus grandiflorus (Mountain Phlox) - One of the most fragrant annual Western wildflower. Lilac, pink, and white clusters of long-blooming, low-growing flowers that also thrive in higher elevations. Can be sown around low-growing perennials for midsummer bloom in the dry border. Thrives in sun or shade. Long bloom period, May-August.

Provides hummingbird nectar

Lupinus bicolor
Miniature Lupine

Blue and white annual lupine to 16" Makes good bank planting in full sun. Blooms Spring.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Lupinus bicolor (Miniature Lupine)

Hand collected seed
Provides hummingbird nectar

Lupinus densiflorus
Gully Lupine

Available in packets only, this annual growing 6" to 12" tall has petals of white to yellow, pink or lavender-tinged. Wide geographic range. Makes beautiful varicolored masses. Blooms later than blue lupines. Packets only.

Packet - $6.00 Not currently available
Lupinus densiflorus (Gully Lupine)

Lupinus microcarpus
Chick Lupine

Ranging throughout most of our state, chick lupine is an annual wildflower that grows 1-2.5 ft. tall. Flowers are usually magenta to purple, but can also be white to yellow. It likes full sun and can flourish in all soil types. Chick Lupine will self sow but only has 2 seeds in its seed pod, a characteristic unique to this lupine. A member of the pea family, lupines will also add nitrogen to your soil.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Lupinus microcarpus (Chick Lupine)

Provides hummingbird nectar

Lupinus microcarpus var. ‘Ed Gedling’
Yellow Lupine, Golden Lupine

An annual wildflower to 2 ft. tall, equally broad, with golden flowers in 1 ft. long spikes. It blooms spring to summer forming long golden sweeps, likes full sun and can be planted in all soil types. Like all members of the pea family this lupine has the added benefit of sequestering nitrogen into the soil.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Lupinus microcarpus var. "Ed Gelding" (Yellow Lupine, Golden Lupine) - Yellow annual lupine. A strong grower and a delight to the eye.

butterfly nectar
Provides hummingbird nectar

Lupinus nanus
Sky Lupine

The low-growing annual lupine that turns the flanks of Mt. Tamalpais blue in the spring. Dazzling with California poppies. Likes sun, lean soil. Food plant for Painted Lady butterfly.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Lupinus nanus (Sky Lupine)

caterpillar
Provides hummingbird nectar

Lupinus succulentus
Arroyo Lupine

Blue-to-purple flower to 3 ft. casts bluish haze over hills in early spring. One of most reliable annual lupines. Likes sun and drought. Larval food plant.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity

good to eat
butterfly nectar
Hand collected seed

Madia elegans
Elegant Tarweed

For fall bloom plant this stunning annual, 4'-6' tall, with yellow daisy like flowers and deep orange spots at base of petal. It has a clean pungent aroma and edible seeds. Butterfly food. We grow it in our prairie and in large containers.

Packet - $6.50
Quantity
Madia elegans (Elegant Tarweed) - For fall bloom plant this stunning annual, 4'-6' tall, with yellow daisy like flowers and deep orange spots at base of petal. It has a clean pungent aroma and edible seeds. Butterfly food. We grow it in our prairie and in large containers.

Mentzelia lindleyi
Blazing Star

Upright yellow flower to 2' tall with sheen reminiscent of California Poppies. One of most striking Western wildflowers, particularly good with deep blues like phacelia. Not always available. Packets only. List substitute in Shopping Cart.

Packet - $6.00
Quantity
Mentzelia lindleyi (Blazing Star) - Upright yellow flower to 2' tall with sheen reminiscent of California Poppies. One of most striking Western wildflowers, particularly good with deep blues like phacelia. Not always available.

Nemophila maculata
Five Spot, Calico Flower

White flower with a reddish-purple spot on each petal. A low-grower under 1' good for carpets of delicate bloom in sun or light shade. Spectacular grown in containers. Good under oaks. Easy, and one of our best-sellers at shows.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Nemophila maculata (Five Spot) - White flower with a reddish-purple spot on each petal. A low-grower under 1' good for carpets of delicate bloom in sun or light shade. Spectacular grown in containers. Good under oaks. Easy, and one of our best-sellers at shows.

Nemophila menziesii
Baby Blue Eyes

Impossible not to love this clear blue flower with white centers. Charming addition to annual border. Good companion for Chinese Houses, Tidy Tips, Five Spot. Low growing to l0" high. We sow this one regularly throughout the year with excellent results. Sun or part shade. Much grown in England. Also marvelous in containers and as bulb cover. Heralds the beginning of wildflower days. Read Judith's blog article for more info.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Live 4" plant
$6.50
not currently available
Nemophila menziesii (Baby Blue Eyes) - Impossible not to love this clear blue flower with white centers. Charming addition to annual border. Good companion for Chinese Houses, Tidy Tips, Five Spot. Low growing to l0" high. We sow this one regularly throughout the year with excellent results. Sun or part shade. Much grown in England. Also marvelous in containers and as bulb cover. Heralds the beginning of wildflower days.

Nemophila Menziesii var. Atomaria
White Form of Baby-Blue-Eyes

Nemophila menziesii var. atomaria, the charming white form of Baby-Blue-Eyes, has white flowers with black dots, often with a faint blue tint or blue veins in the corolla. Its creeping habit and tendency to put out many flowers at once make it a favorite for containers, where it blooms for a surprisingly long time from early spring to mid-summer. It is lower-growing than Baby-Blue-Eyes, and seems more vigorous for us right here on the coast. It is found on coastal bluffs or grassy slopes in Northwestern California, the Central Coast of California, the San Francisco Bay Area, and Oregon. Sow seed October-February. A hand-collected species; we usually sell out of seed.. Available in packets only.

Packet - $6.00 Not currently available
Nemophila menziesii var atomaria (white form of baby-blue-eyes

Provides hummingbird nectar

Oenothera hookeri
Evening Primrose

Western native biennial growing 2-6' high. Bright-yellow 3" flowers open late afternoon. Competes well with grasses. Has a very long bloom time, which is much appreciated by hummingbirds.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Oenothera hookeri (Evening Primrose)

Phacelia campanularia
Desert Bluebells, California Bluebells

Stunning deep blue flowers with white dots at the base of the petals grace this heat-resistant California annual. Grows to 12" Blooms in eight weeks from seed. Striking contrast with California poppy or golden blazing star.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Click here to view bulk quantity prices
Phacelia campanularia (Desert Bluebells) - Stunning deep blue flowers with white dots at the base of the petals grace this heat-resistant California annual. Grows to 12" Blooms in eight weeks from seed. Striking contrast with California Poppy or golden Blazing Star.

Pollen source for pollinators

Phacelia tanacetifolia
Tansy-leaf Phacelia

Annual with bright-blue flowers gives a fuzzy effect. Good in sun or shade, it grows 1-4' high. Fragrant. Good cut flower. In agriculture, used as a cover crop and interplanted with field crops to attract beneficial insects.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity

Click here to view bulk quantity prices

Phacelia tanacetifolia (tansy-leaf phacelia)

Platystemon californicum
Cream Cups

Delectable cream and yellow annual growing under 1' tall, with fuzzy nodding buds. Early spring bloomer but can be planted sequentially for later bloom. Limited quantities; list substitute. Packets only.

Packet - $6.00 Not currently available
Platystemon californicum (Cream Cups) - Delectable cream and yellow annual growing under 1' tall, with fuzzy nodding buds. Early spring bloomer but can be planted sequentially for later bloom.

Hand collected seed

Salvia columbariae
Chia

If California native plants were to be studied for agricultural potential, we would recommend Chia. Highly nutritious with a mild and nutty taste, it is used to make sprouts, for a refreshing drink, and roasted and ground into meal for pinole. Its pretty blue flowers growing to 2' tall go well with California poppies. Full sun.

Packet - $6.00
Quantity
1 oz - $10.00
Quantity
1/4 lb - $32.00
Quantity
Live 4" plant
$6.50
Not currently available
Salvia columbariae (Chia)

Trifolium albopurpureum
Rancheria Clover

Annual clover with showy white and purple flowers March through July. Found in many plant communities. Pretty in containers. Limited quantities. Packets only.

Packet - $6.00
Quantity
Trifolium albopurpureum (Rancheria Clover)

good to eat
Hand collected seed
butterfly nectar

Trifolium amoenum
Showy Indian Clover

Rare native clover brought back from the edge of extinction in 1993. One of the prettiest native clovers, it's an annual with pink flowers edged with white and carmine, grows 1' tall. Likes full sun or part-shade. Available in very limited quantities.

Packet - $6.00 not currently available
Trifolium amoenum (Showy Indian Clover)
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Trifolium ciliolatum
Tree Clover

One of the annual native clovers that was eaten by indigenous peoples in early spring. Attractive pinkish-purple flowers. Found in many plant communities, including grassland and chaparral, below 5000 feet. Blooms March-June.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Trifolium ciliolatum (Tree Clover)

good to eat

Trifolium fucatum
Bull Clover

Another edible native clover, with cream, pink, and dark purple flowers. Found in moist places, marshes, ditches, and also serpentine below 3000 feet throughout California. Blooms April-June.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Live 4" plant
$6.50
not currently available
Trifolium fucatum (Bull Clover)

butterfly nectar
Pollen source for pollinators

Trifolium gracilentum
Pinpoint Clover

A charming and amazingly adaptable annual clover with pink petals with distinct dark purple markings, Pinpoint Clover is found in a wide variety of situations throughout the west. It blooms in spring and summer from the deserts of the southwest to the coastal valleys of north and central California and the Pacific Northwest. It thrives in gravel, loam, sandy soil, and serpentine. Habit can be either erect or prostrate, and it grows from 1-2’ tall. Likes full sun and thrives with drought or irrigation. Loved by butterflies and bees, it makes a colorful small addition to grasslands, chaparral or coastal scrub, oak woodlands, and the foothills. It is even found in Mexico, and thrives from sea level to 6,000 feet.

1/2 oz. - $6.00
Quantity
Live 4" plant
$6.50
not currently available
Trifolium gracilentum (pinpoint clover)

Trifolium willdenovii
Tomcat Clover

Showy and variable perennial native clover with lavender to purple flowers . Seeds abundantly, flowers in spring. Likes moisture. Found in disturbed areas, with moist heavy soils, sometimes even serpentine.

Packet - $6.00
Quantity
Trifolium willdenovii (tomcat clover)

THE BASICS OF SOWING WILDFLOWER SEEDS

Spring in California used to mean wildflowers. Lavish, glorious, intoxicatingly beautiful hills and meadows covered with richly and delicately-colored wildflowers of all shapes, sizes, and hues. It must have been one of the wonders of the world, judging from the remnants still to be seen, and from the reactions of early settlers.

In 1850, Jeff Mayfield and his family first encountered the San Joaquin Valley:

"As we passed below the hills the whole plain was covered with great patches of rose, yellow, scarlet, orange, and blue. The colors did not seem to mix to any great extent. Each kind of flower liked a certain kind of soil best, and some of the patches of one color were a mile or more across...My daddy had traveled a great deal, and it was not easy to get him excited about wild flowers or pretty scenery. But he said that he would not have believed that such a place existed if he had not seen it himself."

Traditional Planting Time

Traditional planting time is October and November, but wildflowers are adaptable to many different planting regimes. We sow as late as April on the coast. Seed sown in the spring will usually require some irrigation till the seeds have germinated and made early growth. Some afternoon shade is helpful. Here on the coast, we sow seed in four inch pots through the year for regular planting in the garden.

Weed Control

The most critical factor in reintroducing annual wildflowers is weed control. If the native wildflowers could out-compete weedy species, we would still have scenes such as Jeff Mayfield and other early observers described. Like all annual seeds, wildflowers require good seed-bed with firm seed/soil contact, consistent moisture, and freedom from weed competition. For detailed descriptions of different ways to control weeds and prepare seedbeds, order our "Notes on Growing Wildflowers."

Intimidated by broadcasting seeds? Some gardeners sow in flats or pots, where the environment can be controlled, then transplant the wildflowers into their garden thru the planting season. A good way to learn.

Seed can be bought in bulk and broadcast in meadows, resulting in wildflowers for bringing into the house, for personal adornment, for sitting in, lying in, luxuriating in. They can be planted as garden annuals, carefully chosen

We never can decide which is our favorite way of planting wildflowers Our mixes provide months of lovely color, reseed vigorously, and are an ex-cellent way to educate yourself in wildflowers. On the other hand, planting in swathes is also enticing and allows more control. The four separately-packaged species in our Swathe 1/4 lb. create an opportunity for the gardener to play with color. Try the subtle color variations of a planting of Tidy Tips (Layia platyglossa) with California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica) and Goldfields (Lasthenia glabrata), all in the yellow-to-gold range. Little pools of clear blue Baby Blue Eyes (Nemophila menziesii) soften this lovely combination. .


Special
Swathe Quarter-pound

Order a Swathe 1/4 lb. and list 4 individual species of your choice, one ounce of each, for $30.00, a savings of $6.00. Note that this offer applies to annual wildflowers only, and not to those which say packet only. Also, note that perennial wildflowers, unless specified, are not sold by the ounce, so should not be among your choices for the Swathe 1/4 lb.

The Swathe 1/4 lb. is our way to promote play with wildflowers.The delicious possibilities are endless. You might choose to plant a pool of tidy tips that overlaps with a pool of goldfields, a dynamite combination often found in those parts of California still fortunate enough to have annual wildflower displays. You might unify these pools with a sprinkling of baby blue eyes or sky lupine. Your fourth species could be an offset sowing of Chinese houses. Delicious! The possibilities are endless!

List four species of your choice in Shopping Cart:

Swathe 1/4 lb
$30.00
Quantity

Coverage

Hand-collected seed that is available by packet only: one packet supplies enough seed for twenty to thirty plants.

These are approximations only. Applications will vary depending on species, slope, soil and weather conditions. In our experience, it is not necessary to thin wildflowers once they have germinated.

Seed that is not used when purchased will remain viable, with little change in germination rates, for up to three years, if it is kept in a cool, dry location.

Viability

Seed of annual wildflowers loses almost no viability for 3 years, so can be purchased in spring, when you have the opportunity to see the flowers, and held in a cool, dry place for fall planting.


Larner Seeds
PO Box 407,
Bolinas, CA 94924

Shop & Demonstration Garden,
235 Grove Rd
Bolinas, CA

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415.868.9407
415.868.2592 fax

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